Raw, Unrefined, Virgin Coconut Oil

Benefits of Raw, Unrefined, Virgin Coconut Oil & Celtic Sea Salt®

Volumes have been written on the nutritional benefits of Raw Coconut Oil due to its fiber and nutritional content. Coconut Oil can be taken internally as a food source (try a tablespoon in a smoothie, with sauteed’ veggies or in morning Oatmeal) or applied topically for skin health due to its ability to lock in moisture, readily absorbed by the skin and its antibacterial, anti-fungal and antioxidant effects.  As I formulate all skin care products to be “food for the skin”, I’m a huge fan of Organic, Raw Virgin Coconut Oil and have secured the finest quality I’ve ever come across.

Below are notes from “The Coconut Oil Miracle” written by Dr. Bruce Fife

* Coconut oil possesses healing properties potentially beyond that of any other dietary oil and used extensively in traditional medicine among Asian and Pacific populations. Many Pacific islanders consider coconut oil to be the cure for illness and so highly valued to be considered “the tree of life”.
* Reduces inflammation; supports tissue healing and repair; functions as an antioxidant, helping protect the body from harmful free radicals; helps the skin ward off infection; reduces symptoms of psoriasis, eczema and dermatitis; softens skin and helps relieve dryness; prevents wrinkles, sagging skin and age spots.
* In traditional medicine around the world, coconut is used to treat a wide variety of skin infections and burns.

All from a beautiful Coconut Tree, organically cultivated / processed with care

Raw and Unrefined Celtic Sea Salt®

Celtic Sea Salt® is harvested from one of the most pristine coastal regions of France and certified at the source by Nature et Progrés ~ the highest and most stringent level of certification ensuring “free from pesticides, herbicides and harmful chemicals”.

Celtic Sea Salt® is harvested by paludiers (salt farmers) of Brittany using traditional farming methods that preserve the purity and balance of ocean minerals and then dried using only the heat of the sun resulting in an authentic sea salt brimming with vital minerals.  This beautiful salt is then packaged by hand continuing time honered traditions ~ with care and with love.

As I formulate all products to be “food for the skin”, I also cook using this beautiful salt

O R G A N I C   I S   N O T   E X P E N S I V E!

Best regards,

Elise Muller, Proprietor / Artisan


Relocating + New Offerings

On a personal note, I would like to thank you all for your continued support and appreciation of my offerings over the years and for your patience with my recent lack of bi-monthly newsletters.  Moving home, business and ancestral memories from New York to Florida took much more than I anticipated and quite frankly, the last few months have been overwhelming.  In all ways.  Just as I settled into new home and surroundings, planted medicinal gardens, my landlady requested her home back.  Although unexpected and came as a shock, I hit the ground running and have found a beautiful home for business (Mountain Spirit office now overlooks Biscayne Bay and Sailboats and I consider myself a blessed woman).

I move home and business end of month and business will be offline for approximately two weeks as I upgrade website and re-brand new formulas.  Yes, amidst packing beloved memories I’ve been working on new formulas which will be featured when I relaunch early August.  New formulas are some of the best I’ve ever created.  Hint: “Moroccan Mud Mask” & “Coconut Kukui Cleanser”.

Some items will no longer be available at their current price point and new items will be added in August.  If there are items you enjoy, please have your order in by July 20th as I will be “offline” for two weeks as I transition and set up new office.

Thank you all again for your support,
Elise Muller
Proprietor / Artisan

Plant Based & Prescriptive Interventions

For those who may be unfamiliar with the direct healing ability of plant material, I have a personal experience to share regarding the effectiveness of botanical interventions and the remarkable healing ability of Comfrey (Symphytum officinale) and my formula “Comfrey Facial Cream”.

A quick side note on Comfrey (belonging to the Borage family): “its leaves are fused to the stem, a sign to old botanists of Comfreys great determination and expressing its cohesive power.  To the human body, this means that Comfrey can join back together what has come apart.  Comfrey has long been used with great success as a remedy for broken bones and tissue damage”.  Suzanne Fisher-Rizzi, “Medicine of the Earth”.  (My intervention was to heal tissue damage caused by sun exposure).

As an elder, my skin is tight and “nothing is sagging” (thank you Lord) which I credit both to good genes and placing nothing on my skin for the past 25 years that I haven’t personally formulated using only organic plant material.

As a Leo I’ve always loved the sun.  Big love the sun.  For many years I worshiped the sun and now years later I’m experiencing the damage sun worshipping has left on my complexion.
I’ve recently had surgery to remove basil cells (pre-cancerous) along with the tip of my nose.  Although removing the tip of my nose was far from pleasant, due to the genius of my Dermatologist one would never know the tip of my nose was removed and skin was sliced to patch the surgery.  (Yes, I wept and promised to wear sunscreen and never worship the sun again).  So far I’ve kept my promise.  Yes, I’m wavering …

My skin now has “freckles” (back in the day called “liver spots”).  What I’ve learned from my dermatologist is that these spots are actually (at times) “pre cancerous” and as such he prescribed a potion that targets pre-cancerous cells (which cause itching, burning and flaking skin).  Charming to be sure …

Although I’ve never taken a prescription … considering “this is my face” I was willing to give his potion a shot.  The potion is applied twice per week and treatment is for approximately 6/months.  The day after applying the prescription my face is way past the comfort level of itch and my eyes swell and water.  To soothe the discomfort I frequently applied Comfrey Facial Cream and found immediate relief.

I recently went for my 3/month post operative check-up and the doctor and nurse were amazed that my complexion showed no signs of “oozing, swelling, rashes or scabs”.  It was decided that Comfrey was interfering with the workings of the prescription and I was advised to stop using Comfrey Facial Cream so the prescription could do its work.

Although I respected their decision and have stopped applying it, I was proud of Comfrey and all this plant offers (Comfrey went “toe to toe” with the fat cat daddy of a new scientific discovery).  In truth, I was humbled both by science and Comfrey and at times both are valuable and can (and should) support each other.  One must choose their medicine wisely and be open to both plant based medicine and prescriptive medicine when appropriate.

A side note on prescriptive medicine and the deplorable practices of the Pharmecutical industry that “poo-poo’s” holistic interventions due to its inexpensive cost (at times free): my prescribed potion in the United States sells for $800.00 and depending on severity of condition, two or three refills are needed.  I purchased my potion through Canada for $175.00 which they procure from Malaysia.  (No surprise the Pharmacecutical industry is one of the biggest lobbyists in Washington and blocks any intervention challenging their cash flow).

As noted, I no longer apply Comfrey but now apply a gentler intervention that I formulated and my scars are healing and freckles are fading.  I trust that if I stopped plant based interventions the prescribed potion would work more efficiently but I can’t bring myself to shop for a daily moisturizer at CVS.  Just can’t do that …

For those with dry, sensitive complexions I highly recommend Comfrey Facial Cream and as a home remedy and ally for wounds + Comfrey grows well in both northern and southern gardens and also works as a fertilizer for surrounding plants.  Obviously, Comfrey is front row center in my raised bed “home remedy” garden.

If you have any comments or questions regarding the many uses of Comfrey please ask and I’d be happy to share my experiences with this beautiful plant as well as the “potion” my Dermatologist prescribed.  (There are numerous prescribed potions on the market and the one I’m using is known to be “the most intelligent”).  I’m pleased all around with results.



Warm regards,

A Day in the Life of Miami Public Transport

Rest assured dear readership, this post has nothing to do with organic skincare or recipes to keep skin supple and soft ~ it’s a “late night rambling” on my part sharing moments that keep a smile on my face due to people I meet along my  way.   This post covers one bus ride on the #3 (running north and south on Biscayne Boulevard).  The following took place on a 15 minute bus ride:
Side note: until recently I’ve always owned a car and often noticed folks sitting at bus stops and wondered “how long you been waiting”?  At times I would stop my car, offer rides only to be viewed as “rather odd” and no one ever accepted a ride except once in Coconut Grove when riding my scooter.  I noticed a rather large elderly Jamaican woman at a bus stop carrying heavy parcels and I pulled up and asked “want a ride”?  Much to my dismay she said “yes” and hopped on the back.  With her weight we were almost doing “a wheelie” but none-the-less I delivered her to her destination and we had a grand time.  (Never know who you’re going to meet at a bus stop).  I should note that my scooter is a Honda Passport, the scooter Honda sent to Jamaica and the islands.  I trust she felt at home.  As I did …

I’m rambling; let me get back to yesterday and the #3 heading north.

I got on the bus and at the next stop a Haitian woman got on along with a quiet Haitian man (they didn’t appear to be together as she sat way in the back, he in the front opposite me).   As soon as the bus began to roll she began to speak loudly (very loudly) in Creole in what appeared to be a “testifying” manner.  She went on and on and every few minutes the man would silently whisper “yesssssss” which seemed to encourage her because she ramped up her volume and intensity.  I really have no clue if she was “testifying” or giving him hell but the “call and response” was lovely.  I do love me a call and response …
At the next stop an elder Caucasian woman got on dressed “head to toe” in red and white.  Glaring red and white.  She was wheeling one of those “back-packs on wheels” (that old ladies riding a bus haul their groceries and treasures in) and her rolling backpack was covered in huge (very huge) red and white polka dots.  Of course she sat next to me (I’m a magnet for audacious) and I said “I see that you like red” and she responded “I like to coordinate my outfits”.  I was momentarily at a loss for how best acknowledge an elder’s pride in dressing to match her rolling backpack but soon noticed her “golf ball sized ring” and complimented her on her accessory and she whispered “I paid a dollar for this ring” (of course I said “it’s lovely”).   During our ride I noticed she was fussing over her golf ball ring and bangle bracelets and began taking them on and off.  I asked “why” and she said “it may be too much”.  I responded “oh no, they’re lovely”.  She put them back on and we rode on in polka dot and golf ball bliss.
The next stop brought on an African American man carrying an Ironing board (I kid you not).  As Ms. Polka dot had vacated he sat next to me (no surprise there) and tried to stuff the Ironing board beneath our feet (it didn’t fit).  I said to him “gotta love a man that travels with an Ironing board”.  He turned and said “I love to iron, cook and clean”.  He then went on to tell me he was a disabled Afghan Veteran, tortured (he wouldn’t tell me where or how) but that he loved to paint mountains but had never seen a mountain (of course I told him of the Hudson River Valley and Catskill mountains) but when he began to suggest all that he could provide with his ironing skills, I was pleased that Home Depot and Whole Foods was the next stop and I got off #3 smiling and grateful to those I met along the way.
To my daughter (who I’ve embarrassed more times than we both care to remember) and always asks “why do you always speak to everyone”?  Well darling, if I don’t speak to strangers I would never know their story, have a smile on my face or place a smile on theirs.  Long ago (before your time) Nina Simone sang “have we lost the human touch”?  Your mom refuses to lose the human touch.

Feel free to leave a comment and tell me of the strangers you met today.  I’d love to hear your story …


Elise @ Mountain Spirit Botanicals

“Oil Pulling”

Although “Oil Pulling” is new to me, numerous people have spoken of its benefits (whitening teeth, removing plaque, healing receding gum lines, increased energy, reduced flu symptoms) so of course,  I’m game.

I googled “Oil Pulling” and it appears to have originated in the Ayurvedic tradition (using Sesame oil) but most people are “pulling” with Coconut oil.

How it’s done: in the morning I take 1 Tb. of Coconut oil and place it in my mouth and “swish” for 20 minutes.  I “swish” while making the bed, putting on coffee, straightening up the house and although it’s not my favorite morning ritual, I’m willing to give it a shot.  Truth? 20 minutes of “swishing” feels like 2 hours and I can’t wait to spit it out.  (It took me 3 days to work up to 20 minutes but I’m now on clock and “pulling” for 20 minutes).

I’m  currently in my first week of “Oil Pulling” and although I’m blessed with good teeth and health, I’m due to see my dentist next month and I’ll keep you posted on my results of  “pulling” Coconut Oil.
Side note: I have a customer (80 years old and still modeling) who’s been using my products for over 20 years and is one of the persons who introduced me to “Oil Pulling”.  Her teeth are white showing no stains or signs of aging.  (How many people in their 80′s have white teeth and discuss “Oil Pulling”)?
I was recently asked to formulate a product for “Oil Pulling” incorporating essential oils beneficial for teeth and gums.  If my personal experiment with “Oil Pulling” warrants this request, know your teeth will light up the night sky.  No flashlight needed.


Here’s a great link for additional information  http://coconut-oil-pulling.com/

Happy pulling,


Friday Night Special / “Dry Skin Brushing”

By offering Friday Night Specials (DIY recipes) my hope is to encourage “The Art of Personal Ritual” ~ the quiet time we take for ourselves and with those we love ~ to nourish our skin, hair and overall well-being and that you experience how taking this time “makes life that much more beautiful”.

I began my personal “bathing rituals” over 25 years ago when my daughter was young.  I raised her without television (we preferred gardening, making art and scaling our home to sit on the roof and observe the night sky) and before the age of cell phones, facebook, text messaging and computer games (blessings to be sure).  At the end of our day I would prepare a bath and we would sit in our tub and talk of our day while absorbing the aromas and nourishment of essential oils and other plant based ingredients.  We would laugh, fuss, complain … whatever our day held … and at the end of our bath “it all went down the drain” + we smelled divine, were nourished and relaxed and sweet dreams soon followed.  Side note: if your child has difficulty falling asleep, this was the first formula that I created which put my child out in a heart-beat.  I used this in her bath and then massaged her afterwards and she was a ‘gonner.  Sweet dreams guaranteed …


The inspiration and products that I currently offer began all those years ago while taking time with the one I love.  Although I’ve had wonderful life experiences, those quiet times with my daughter were the best of times. In our current fast passed society, if I can encourage you to “close things down” for only a weekend and focus on yourself and the one you love, then I know I’ve done right.

Friday Night Special

Women who contact me often complain of “dry skin” which can be caused by numerous factors: the products they’re using, cold or harsh climates, breast-feeding or entering menopause ~ all of which require the need to care for ourselves.
Dry skin brushing is one of the most effective means to slough off dead skin cells and encourage the formation of new, supple skin cells.  Dry brushing also breaks down cellulite and tones the skin and supporting muscles.  Below is information on dry skin brushing and links for you to research the benefits of taking a few minutes before showering to encourage healthy and glowing skin.
Stimulates the Lymphatic System:  the lymphatic system is responsible for eliminating cellular waste products.  By stimulating your lymphatic system and helping it release toxins, dry skin brushing is a powerful detoxification aid.
Exfoliation: dry skin brushing removes dead dry skin, improving appearance, clearing clogged pores and allowing the skin to “breathe.”
Increase Circulation:  dry brushing increases circulation to your skin which encourages the elimination of metabolic waste.
Reduce Cellulite: dry skin brushing may help to soften hard fat deposits below the skin while distributing fat deposits more evenly.

How to Do It

First you’ll need a high-quality brush. Look for one with bristles made from natural fibers. They should feel stiff but not overly so. Ideally, choose a brush with a long handle so you can reach your entire back and other hard-to-reach spots.  Here’s a possible selection:


Dry skin brushing should be done daily for best results and even twice a day if you like. Try incorporating it into your normal daily routine, such as doing your brushing before your morning shower and then again after work.

When brushing, always brush toward your heart which is best for circulation and your lymphatic system. You can brush your entire body (including the soles of your feet). Start at your feet and work your way up your legs to your arms, chest, back, and stomach.

The pressure you apply while brushing your skin should be firm but not painful (avoid “scrubbing”). Your skin should be pink after a session (not red or irritated) and you can brush for as long (or as little) as you’d like. An average dry brushing session may last between two and 20 minutes.




Happy brushing (and happy “no facebook, text messaging, internet access”).  Try this for just a weekend and take good care of yourself and the one you love …

Elise Muller, Proprietor / Artisan

The Art of Personal Ritual (and watching your man shave)

One of my greatest pleasures was to watch my sweetheart shave (in truth I could have sat for hours on the edge of the bathtub watching him shave).  In my opinion, shaving is one of the most beautiful rituals that a man engages in ~ it’s personal, intimate and self-admiration at its finest (not to mention that a man usually shaves half naked in a hot, steamy bathroom) a combination that quite frankly takes my breath away. 

In his shaving ritual a man creates “the perfect lather to coat his face, chooses the right blade to slide along his skin, rinses the blade every few strokes (while tapping against a porcelain sink to rid the blade of excess), rinses his face and slaps on an aftershave meant to seduce me”.  After his shave I observe his beautiful skin and “a smile as wide as the heavens” as he turns to show me his glory.  Oh Lord have mercy.  I have lived amongst Peacocks and observed how they “strut and fan their tail feathers” and Peacocks pale in comparison to my man as he turned to show me his freshly groomed face.  Without question, I was seduced.

To seduce him in kind, I created Mango Blossom Moisturizer, an exquisite blend rich in nourishing Tropical butters that give the closest shave, tone the skin while imparting a scent “that will make you want to sit on the edge the bathtub for hours.”  I know this to be true. 


Whether shaving yourself or your man, here are a few techniques to enhance the experience:

1.) Wash and scrub the facial skin using Lemon Twist Facial Scrub which removes dead skin cells and encourages the formation of new, supple skin cells.  (During showering is a good time – steam opens the pores and prepares the skin for shaving).


2.) Apply a light coating of Mango Blossom Moisturizer and always shave “with the grain /using short strokes”

3.) Rinse using warm, then cold water to close the pores

4.) Apply Floral Hydrosols to tone pores and refine complexion (if you suffer from razor burn or bumps apply May Blossom Toner to heal tissue damage)


5.) As a finishing note, apply a light coating of Mango Blossom Moisturizer to nourish and moisturize the facial skin.  Heaven I tell you; pure heaven.

Additional tips:  To preserve your razor blade, place razor in alcohol after the final rinse as water causes the blade to dull; do not shave the same area of your face numerous times as this will cause irritations; razor burn occurs when applying too much pressure to the face or shaving against the grain; and most significantly, if your man shaves with an electric razor throw it out!

A note to the ladies: although we don’t have beards, we have other areas that require shaving.  Numerous customers have stopped waxing due to using Mango Blossom Moisturizer while shaving.  Mango Blossom gives a close, smooth shave without leaving “bumps” and nourishes the skin. 

Enjoy …

Elise Muller, Proprietor / Artisan

Mountain Spirit Botanicals

Coconut Hair Conditioner

When I lived in the mountains, winters were extremely drying on my skin and hair.  To entertain myself + hoping not to succumb to “seasonal disorder”, I experimented with botanical concoctions to entertain myself and enjoy a luxurious treatment.

Oh yes indeed, I succumbed to a few “seasonal disorders” (ask my brother) but the following recipe nourishes dry, winter hair and also provides an opportunity to invite friends and make it a party …

Side note: although woolen hats are not necessary, I always applied this mask and then wore a woolen hat (to create heat) which helps the ingredients penetrate the hair and scalp.

2 tablespoons of olive oil (conditioner)
2 tablespoons of light sesame oil (conditioner)
2 whole eggs (softener)
2 tablespoons of coconut milk (voluminizer)
2 tablespoons of honey (softener)
1 teaspoon of coconut oil (scent)
Blend all ingredients and apply to freshly shampooed hair

Note: before shampooing or applying any conditioning mask to my hair, I always brush my hair (100 strokes as mom advised) which stimulates the scalp and distributes the natural oils throughout the hair and scalp.  Hair-brushing is wonderfully relaxing, especially when someone else is brushing your hair and you can sit back and enjoy the indulgence.

If you prefer not to make your own, I’ve created an exceptional formula “Coconut Hair Cream” which can be applied as above or used daily to style and condition the hair (and numerous customers also use this in their skin care regime.  http://mountain-spirit-botanicals.com/product/coco-hair-cream/


Warm regards and Happy Hair,

Elise Muller, Proprietor / Artisan

Friday Night Special ~ “Spirit Shine”

Although I thoroughly enjoy writing Friday Night Specials (gleaned from my Herbal library and personal “kitchen experiments”) I’d like to hear from you, my beloved readership, on what you would like to read. If you have questions or concerns please leave a comment at the blog or write to me personally (and privately) at mountain_spirit@earthlink.net and I’d be happy to answer your questions or cover topics you’re interested in or concerned about. I await your questions and look forward to your response.  And now on to this week’s special:

In featuring Friday Night Specials (DIY nutrient rich recipes for hair and skin) it is my hope to encourage “The Art of Personal Ritual” ~ the quiet times we take for ourselves to nourish and replenish our well-being.

Before listing this week’s special “Thyme & Fennel Seed Cleanser” I’d like to address our inner beauty and some basic steps to keep complexions clear and radiant.

As women, we undoubtedly experience the passing of time, a few too many late nights, environmental toxins and the everyday stress which all affect our well being and our complexions. Most assuredly, our lifestyle is revealed in our face (I once read “your naked face remains your signature”) which I believe to be true.

Our “naked face” (no make-up, foundation, etc.) reveals our spirit, what we eat, if we exercise, how many late nights we enjoy, how deeply we love or engage in our life’s passions. It is only our essence that can place “the sparkle in our eyes and the glow in our complexion”. Of this I am certain.

How we choose to cultivate our essence is a personal choice; however, we can “scrub, tone, apply masks and moisturize” but if we’re not aligned with our essence our complexions will most likely be lifeless; I encourage everyone to let their “spirit shine” and allow your inner beauty to be revealed. Take time for yourself … my recipes assist “quite time” as well as vital nutrients to nourish your complexion and overall well-being. Remember, the skin is our largest organ and absorbs deeply … what we place on our skin affects our health.


Before reading on, if you need to be reminded of your beauty, this song brings it home


Thyme & Fennel Seed Cleanser

2 sprigs of fresh Thyme, crushed ~ 2 teaspoons fennel seeds, crushed ~ ½ cup boiling water ~ Juice of ½ Lemon. Mix Thyme and Fennel Seeds / cover with boiling water / add Lemon juice and steep for 15 minutes. Strain infusion and cleanse face. Remaining infusion may be kept in refrigerator and discarded after 3 days.


Medicinal properties / what you absorb by applying this recipe

Thyme: Aromatic, antiseptic, stimulant
Fennel seeds: antioxidant, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory
Lemon: astringent, toner, exfoliate, vitamin C

Basics on keeping complexions cleansed, toned & moisturized

Steaming: opens pores, increases blood circulation and eliminates toxins while absorbing vital nutrients from flowers and herbs http://mountain-spirit-botanicals.com/product/floral-steam-2/
Cleanse: rids the skin of dirt, makeup and oils http://mountain-spirit-botanicals.com/product/lemon-twist/
Mask: removes residue deep within the pores and replenishes the skin with vitamins & minerals. (Although I don’t offer masks on my website, these DIY recipes contain ingredients available in your kitchen).
Tone: tightens & refines the pores & prepares the skin for moisturizing http://mountain-spirit-botanicals.com/product-category/facial-care/toners-and-floral-hydrosols/
Moisturize: replenish the skin with fluid & coats the skin with a protective layer http://mountain-spirit-botanicals.com/product-category/facial-care/moisturizers/

And here’s to your Spirit Shine,
Elise Muller, Proprietor / Artisan

Friday Night Special (food for the skin)

Avocados are currently abundant in my kitchen (my neighbor’s tree drops about 10 per day and I hustle to gather the bounty before the squirrels).  Yes, the squirrels are ahead but I’ve gleaned my fair share for my face and lunch (avocado salad with herbs and tomatoes from my garden) ~ my skin is nourished and I’m well fed thanks to my neighbor’s tree.  Supporting local?  You betcha.
By incorporating wholesome ingredients in our skincare regime (food for the skin) we also nourish our well-being as the skin absorbs deeply.  All that’s required to reap the benefits of nature’s bounty is to take some quiet time in our kitchens and personal care rituals ~ the results are nourishing, relaxing, and stunning.  I know this to be true …

 Squash & Avocado Masque

Recipe: 2 avocados pitted and peeled ~ 1 acorn squash, flesh only ~ 1/2 papaya, peeled and seeded ~ 1 lime, peeled and seeded ~ 1 Tb. lemon juice ~ 2 Tb. black tea ~ 1 tsp. alfalfa sprouts ~ 1 egg white.
Combine all ingredients in blender and whip until smooth.  After cleansing your face, apply mixture and leave on for 15 minutes ~ rinse off with warm water and pat dry.
This blend may be used up to 3 times per week (for nonsensitive skin, less for sensitive).  Shelf life: cover and refrigerate immediately, discard after 3 days.

Nutrition (what you will be absorbing by applying this masque)

Avocado: moisturizer; A, C, D, E; potassium; thiamin; riboflavin
Acorn squash: moisturizer; A
Papaya: exfoliant; A, C; papain
Lime: toner; C
Lemon juice: toner, C
Black tea: soother
Alfalfa sprouts: astringent; protein; minerals; C
Egg whie: ingredient binder

As always, the first one to send me a photo with this masque on your face gets a gift!

Warm regards,

Garden fresh ...

Garden fresh …